Hormones and genetics determine the differences between men and women in the athletic field. While some people think that there are sports more suited to men or that some are exclusively designed for women, the real difference is in the performance, as both genders can generally succeed in the sport of their liking.
There are amazing and incredible female athletes, despite the belief that men have an advantage when it comes to practicing sports. It has been a matter of adapting these to the capabilities and anatomy of women to get equivalent results. For example, women play basketball with a smaller ball and the net is shorter than for men.
Equality for men and women in the physical aspect is an absurd demand, but they should both fight for it when it comes to publicity, sponsors, salary, and the respectful treatment most male athletes already enjoy.
Women and men produce very specific hormones that define the characteristics of their bodies, estrogen, and testosterone. The former is the cause behind the fat in women’s bodies; female athletes have an eight percent of body fat in comparison to the males’ four percent. And while this results in a less muscular body for women, their joints are more flexible than men’s.
Men, on the other hand, produce testosterone, which allows them to develop bigger muscles and less body fat; this hormone also increases the production of red blood cells in charge of absorbing oxygen.
Male athletes can be thirty percent stronger than women due to the differences in proportion between body fat and muscle mass. Besides this, men are usually taller and weigh more than women.
Men can run longer distances in a shorter time, as they have big lungs that allow more oxygen in their bodies, specifically up to ten percent more than women. Men’s hearts are larger too, and it can pump more blood with every beat; their legs are also longer, so their stride is wider.
The maximum oxygen uptake in men allows them to breathe in more air, which they need for resistance. Women can burn more body fat and less carbohydrate though, the basis for physical energy. Resistance in men and women is more or less the same, and their performance depends on the demands of a given sport.
Women generally get more shoulder and knee joints injuries than men because the supporting tissues in these areas are looser than in males. Female athletes are more prone to injure the anterior cruciate ligament or ACL, located in the knee, with the correct training and reinforce of the muscles in the area, athletes can prevent the injury.
Olympic Games are not just to hand out medals to the winners, it is a great platform to set records and make history, but the gap between female and male records is about ten percent in all the events. However, depending on the sport and the training, male and female athletes can compete at the same level, e.g., equestrian and shooting are sports that offer the same advantages and disadvantages for both.
When an athlete wants to succeed, all the effort and training should be done with that goal in mind, and these should respond to his or her individual capabilities. The physical differences have to be considered, but all athletes deserve the same respectful treatment and the proper conditions to excel, regardless of their gender.
Evolution Soccer Academy, elite training for young athletes.
Facebook: Evolution Soccer Academy USA